Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body." And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, "Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins." — Matthew 26:26-29
As Jesus and His disciples relaxed around the table and commemorated the Passover, part of their evening would have included four cups of wine to represent the Israelites’ physical and spiritual deliverance from Egypt. The first cup, the Cup of Sanctification, reminded them that God had freed His people from the burden of slavery. The second cup, the Cup of Deliverance, marked how God freed His people from bondage.
The third cup, the Cup of Redemption, represented God’s power to rescue His people. Most scholars believe that in this cup we find Jesus offering a new kind of redemption through His blood, which we now celebrate in the act of communion. The fourth cup was the Cup of Praise.
Jesus first took the bread on the table and broke it to demonstrate the kind of death He would suffer to bring their redemption. Then, He raised the glass of wine to begin a new covenant with His people.
As discussed in our video today, biblical covenants were promissory agreements marked by a stronger party extending provision and protection to weaker parties in exchange for their loyalty, much like an adoption or a marriage. So, when Jesus extended the cup of His blood as a new covenant to His disciples, He was in essence inviting them into His family and into an intimate relationship with the Creator of the universe. It is this covenant that we remember when we partake of the bread and cup together, which we will be prompted to do during the Good Friday livestream service this week at 6 p.m. on both Facebook and YouTube. We will provide you with the links on Friday.
Rachel is the wife of Chris and mama to two (soon 3) little girls. She loves being involved in the UFC mom’s group and is passionate about encouraging women, practicing hospitality, and having fun along the way.
Jasmine is a Eugene-native, who is married to Tyler. She enjoys hiking, camping, reading, writing, and cooking. She is currently attending Western Seminary as a graduate student in the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program and graduates in April. In the future, Jasmine hopes to use her counseling career to serve churches by supporting staff members in crisis counseling as well as providing training on mental health issues. Jasmine is always looking for a new joke, recipe, or workout to try, so don’t hesitate to share one with her!